Answers for Gospel of John Chapter 12 

About These Answers 

Questions and Answers

1. Provide the following information for the setting of the opening of Chapter 12? 

  • Who - Jesus, Lazarus, Mary, Martha, the disciples
  • What - A dinner
  • When - Six days before Passover
  • Where - In Bethany
  • Why - In honor of Jesus

2. Compare the attitudes of Mary and Judas to Jesus. What motivated them?

Attitude: Gratitude, worship
Motivation: Love and grateful for raising Lazarus

Attitude: Indignation, objection
Motivation: Greed

3. Twice Jesus defends Mary’s actions. What misconduct was she wrongly accused of and how have we wrongly accused others for similar conduct?

Mary was accused of wastefulness

Your Answer Here for Accusing Others of Similar Conduct

Questions and Answers

1. What can we conclude from the following passages of Scripture

That the fame of Jesus was great and word spread quickly and caused such a commotion that people went looking for him

  • John 4:47 - When this man heard that Jesus had arrived in Galilee from Judea, he went to him and begged him to come and heal his son, who was close to death.
  • John 6:2 - and a great crowd of people followed him because they saw the miraculous signs he had performed on the sick.
  • John 7:11 - at the Feast the Jews were watching for him and asking, "Where is that man?"
  • John 10:41 - and many people came to him. They said, "Though John never performed a miraculous sign, all that John said about this man was true."
  • John 11:56 - They kept looking for Jesus, and as they stood in the temple area they asked one another, "What do you think? Isn't he coming to the Feast at all?"
  • John 12:9 - Meanwhile a large crowd of Jews found out that Jesus was there and came, not only because of him but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.
  • John 12:12 - The next day the great crowd that had come for the Feast heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem.

2. What would be the benefit to the Chief Priests in killing Lazarus?

The most demonstrative proof that Lazarus was raised from the dead would be taken away

3. Why did the Jewish people –

  • take palm branches to greet Jesus - The palm branch is symbolic of victory and triumph
  • Shout the word "Hosanna" - The word Hosanna means – Save Now
  • quote the Scripture of Psalm 118:25-26 - They were proclaiming Jesus as the Messiah and King of Israel

Questions and Answers

1. In the context of Zechariah 9:1-10:1, where Jesus’ triumphal entry is prophesied, why might the Jewish leadership have also welcomed him as king?

Because they might have mistakenly thought he would have freed them from Roman dominion

2. What did the Pharisees expect to happen when Jesus was seen publicly after he raised Lazarus from the dead?

That they would be able to arrest him - See John Chapter 11 verse 57

Questions and Answers

1. Do you think Jesus met with the Gentiles? Why or why not?

No, his mission was to the Jews - See Matthew 15:21-28 and Matthew 10:5-7

2. What was Jesus saying in his reply in Chapter 12 verses 23 and 24?

That he was going to die and that his death was necessary for the lives of many.

3. In Chapter 12 verse 25 it states “The man who loves his life will lose it, while the man who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life.” How do we love or hate our lives in this world and how is it related to eternal life?

When we value worldly things more than the spiritual things of life we love our earthly life and will not realize spiritual life because the love of earthly things is not compatible. We must forsake earthly pleasures to gain spiritual life.

Questions and Answers

1. Why was Jesus’ heart troubled?

Because he knew he was going to die an agonizing death

2. How had God already glorified His name, and how would He glorify it again?

He had glorified it already by:

Healing the man born blind

John 9:3 - "Neither this man nor his parents sinned," said Jesus, "but this happened so that the work of God might be displayed in his life.

Raising Lazarus from the dead

John 11:4 - When he heard this, Jesus said, "This sickness will not end in death. No, it is for God's glory so that God's Son may be glorified through it."

John 11:40 - Then Jesus said, "Did I not tell you that if you believed, you would see the glory of God?"

He would glorify it again by:

By Jesus’ victory over death

3. What passages in the Old Testament might the Jews have been referring to in Chapter 12 verse 34 where they state that the Christ will remain forever?

34 The crowd spoke up, "We have heard from the Law that the Christ will remain forever, so how can you say, 'The Son of Man must be lifted up'? Who is this 'Son of Man'?"

Psalm 21:4 - He asked you for life, and you gave it to him--length of days, for ever and ever.

Psalm 61:6-7 - 6 Increase the days of the king's life, his years for many generations. 7 May he be enthroned in God's presence forever; appoint your love and faithfulness to protect him.

Psalm 89:28-29 - 28 I will maintain my love to him forever, and my covenant with him will never fail. 29 I will establish his line forever, his throne as long as the heavens endure.

Psalm 89:29 - I will establish his line forever, his throne as long as the heavens endure.

Psalm 110:4 - The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind: "You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek."

Daniel 2:44 - "In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will it be left to another people. It will crush all those kingdoms and bring them to an end, but it will itself endure forever.

Daniel 7:13-14 - 13 "In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. 14 He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.

Questions and Answers

1. What were the benefits of believing in Jesus and consequences of not believing in him as provided Chapter 12 in verses 35 - 50?


36 - Put your trust in the light while you have it, so that you may become sons of light.

46 I have come into the world as a light, so that no one who believes in me should stay in darkness.

50 I know that his command leads to eternal life.


35 - The man who walks in the dark does not know where he is going.

48 There is a judge for the one who rejects me and does not accept my words; that very word which I spoke will condemn him at the last day.

2. In the context of the setting why might Jesus’ discussion of his death seem out of place to some?

He was expected to rule over all the nations as King, not die

3. We are more than halfway through our study of the Book of John. Looking back on these 12 chapters that we have studied, what is the most interesting spiritual truth that you have learned?