Gospel of John Chapter 12

The Gospel of John Chapter 12 tells the story of the Mary anointing Jesus feet followed by the prophetic triumphal entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem, where the story seemingly finishes.

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Gospel of John Chapter 12 (King James Version)

1 Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. 2 There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him. 3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.

4 Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him, 5 Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? 6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.

7 Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this. 8 For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.

9 Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead. 10 But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death; 11 Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Jesus.

12 On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried,


Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.

14 And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written,

15 Fear not, daughter of Sion:

behold, thy King cometh,

sitting on an ass's colt.

16 These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things unto him.

17 The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record. 18 For this cause the people also met him, for that they heard that he had done this miracle. 19 The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world is gone after him.

20 And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast: 21 The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus.

22 Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.

23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified. 24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. 25 He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. 26 If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour.

27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. 28 Father, glorify thy name.

Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.

29 The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him.

30 Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes. 31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. 32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. 33 This he said, signifying what death he should die.

34 The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?

35 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. 36 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.

37 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him: 38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake,

Lord, who hath believed our report?

and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?

39 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,

40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart;

that they should not see with their eyes,

nor understand with their heart, and be converted,

and I should heal them.

41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.

42 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue: 43 For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.

44 Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me. 45 And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me. 46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness. 47 And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day. 49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak. 50 And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.

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Daily Study Questions


1. Provide the following information for the setting of the opening of the Gospel of John Chapter 12:

  • Who
  • What
  • When
  • Where
  • Why

2. Compare the attitudes of Mary and Judas to Jesus. What motivated them?

3. Twice Jesus defends Mary’s actions. What misconduct was she wrongly accused of and how have we wrongly accused others for similar conduct?


1. What can we conclude from the following passages of Scripture from the Gospel of John?

  • Gospel of John Chapter 4, verse 47
  • Gospel of John Chapter 6, verse 2
  • Gospel of John Chapter 7, verse 11
  • Gospel of John Chapter 10, verse 41
  • Gospel of John Chapter 11, verse 56
  • Gospel of John Chapter 12, verse 9
  • Gospel of John Chapter 12, verse 12

2. What would be the benefit to the Chief Priests in killing Lazarus?

3. Why did the Jewish people –

  • take palm branches to greet Jesus
  • Shout the word "Hosanna"
  • quote the Scripture of Psalm 118:25-26


1. In the context of Zechariah 9:1-10:1, where Jesus’ triumphal entry is prophesied, why might the Jewish leadership have also welcomed him as king?

2. What did the Pharisees expect to happen when Jesus was seen publicly after he raised Lazarus from the dead?


1. Do you think Jesus met with the Gentiles? Why or why not?

2. What was Jesus saying in his reply in the Gospel of John Chapter 12, verses 23 and 24?

3. In the Gospel of John Chapter 12, verse 25 it states “The man who loves his life will lose it, while the man who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life.” How do we love or hate our lives in this world and how is it related to eternal life?


1. Why was Jesus’ heart troubled?

2. How had God already glorified His name, and how would He glorify it again?

3. What passages in the Old Testament might the Jews have been referring to in the Gospel of John Chapter 12, verse 34 where they state that the Christ will remain forever?


1. What were the benefits of believing in Jesus and consequences of not believing in him as provided in the Gospel of John Chapter 12, verses 35 - 50?

2. In the context of the setting why might Jesus’ discussion of his death seem out of place to some?

3. As we finish the Gospel of John Chapter 12, we are more than halfway through our study of the Book of John. Looking back on these 12 Chapters of the Gospel of John that we have studied, what is the most interesting spiritual truth that you have learned?

Compare Your Answers for the Gospel of John Chapter 12

› Chapter Twelve