The Gospel of John Chapter 20 doesn't just contain the purpose of the Gospel of John at it's conclusion. It contains the greatest story of victory ever told in history - HE IS RISEN! Jesus Christ was resurrected from the dead and then appeared to Mary Magdalene and the disciples. Enjoy your study of this magnificent story of victory and truth.
Your learning comes from reading and studying the Bible. After you have read the Scripture passage below, answer the following questions. It's a good idea to do them every day.
The Gospel of John Chapter 20 (King James Version)
1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. 2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.
3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. 4 So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre. 5 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in. 6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, 7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. 8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. 9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead. 10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.
11 But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre, 12 And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. 13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him.
14 And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.
16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.
17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her.
19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. 20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.
21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. 22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost: 23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.
24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you. 27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples,
which are not written in this book: 31 But these are written, that ye
might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that
believing ye might have life through his name.
Answer the questions below from the Gospel of John, Chapter 20.
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1. Who rolled away the stone from the tomb’s entrance according to the Gospel of Matthew Chapter 28?
2. What does the Chapter 16 of the Gospel of Mark tell us about the “we” in verse two of the Gospel of John Chapter 20 and why Mary went to the tomb?
3. Describe the reaction of the women to seeing the angels from the following verses:
1. What is it that Mary did not understand from a reading of verses 2 and 13 of the Gospel of John Chapter 20?
2. What were the two messages Mary delivered that day to the disciples from the Gospel of John Chapter 20? How were the messages received by the disciples?
3. Describe the mindset of Mary Magdalene at the following points in her day from these verses from the Gospel of John Chapter 20:
1. Why do you think Mary stayed at the tomb when Peter and John left, and why do you think she looked back into the tomb (see Gospel of John Chapter 20, verses 10-11)?
2. Verse 8 of the Gospel of John Chapter 20 says John “saw and believed.” What do you think it was that he believed?
3. What facts about Jesus in his resurrected body does the Gospel of John Chapter 20 tell us?
1. Why do you think Jesus showed the disciples his hands and his side as provided in verse 20 of the Gospel of John Chapter 20?
2. Why did Thomas not believe the other disciples?
3. Read Acts Chapter 2, verses 36-39; Acts Chapter 10, verses 39-43; and Acts Chapter 13, verses 38-40. What do you think was the disciples understanding of Jesus telling them “If you forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven." in verse 23 of the Gospel of John Chapter 20?
1. Summarize Jesus’ message to the disciples from his two appearances to them after his resurrection in the Gospel of John Chapter 20.
2. Jesus told his disciples at least nine times (see Matt 16:21; Matt 17:22; Matt 20:17-19; Mark 8:31; Mark 9:9; Mark 9:31-32; Mark 10:33-34; Luke 9:22; Luke 18:31-34) that he would rise from the dead. Why then do you think it was so hard for them to believe or understand that he was going to be raised from death into life?
3. Rewrite verses 30 and 31 of the Gospel of John Chapter 20 in your own words.
Read the following verses. Please realize that when we are believers and followers of the Lord Jesus Christ and his resurrection, we too will rise from the dead to eternal life. There is no question to answer here - just read and enjoy the truth of eternal life.
Gospel of John 11:25-26
25 Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies; 26 and whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?"
And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit, who lives in you.
1 Corinthians 6:14
By his power God raised the Lord from the dead, and he will raise us also.
1 Corinthians 15:20-22
20 But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man. 22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.
2 Corinthians 5:1-4
1 Now we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, an eternal house in heaven, not built by human hands. 2 Meanwhile we groan, longing to be clothed with our heavenly dwelling, 3 because when we are clothed, we will not be found naked. 4 For while we are in this tent, we groan and are burdened, because we do not wish to be unclothed but to be clothed with our heavenly dwelling, so that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life.
1 Thessalonians 4:14
We believe that Jesus died and rose again and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him.