Genesis Chapter 4


This study is of Genesis Chapter 4 the fourth of eleven in a series of studies of the first 11 chapters of the first book of the Bible. Learn about the first children ever created by mankind. Learn about the consequences of murder in the first family in history.

This resulted in the first tombstone, the first burial and the first funeral in history. One day we will no longer have any of these because Jesus Christ has conquered death for us. Praise God Almighty!

Your learning comes from reading and studying the Bible. After you have read the Scripture passage below, it's a good idea to answer the daily study questions.

Genesis Chapter 4 (New International Version)

1 Adam lay with his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. She said, "With the help of the LORD I have brought forth a man." 2 Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. 3 In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the LORD.

4 But Abel brought fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering, 5 but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.

6 Then the LORD said to Cain, "Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? 7 If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it."

8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field." And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.

9 Then the LORD said to Cain, "Where is your brother Abel?" "I don't know," he replied. "Am I my brother's keeper?"

10 The LORD said, "What have you done? Listen! Your brother's blood cries out to me from the ground. 11 Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand. 12 When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth."

13 Cain said to the LORD, "My punishment is more than I can bear. 14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me."

15 But the LORD said to him, "Not so; if anyone kills Cain, he will suffer vengeance seven times over." Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him. 16 So Cain went out from the LORD's presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden.

17 Cain lay with his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch. 18 To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.

19 Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah. 20 Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock. 21 His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play the harp and flute. 22 Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forged all kinds of tools out of bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain's sister was Naamah.

23 Lamech said to his wives, "Adah and Zillah, listen to me; wives of Lamech, hear my words. I have killed a man for wounding me, a young man for injuring me. 24 If Cain is avenged seven times, then Lamech seventy-seven times."

25 Adam lay with his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth, saying, "God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him." 26 Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh. At that time men began to call on the name of the LORD.

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Daily Study Questions

Day One

1. What might Eve have meant when she said in verse one of Genesis Chapter 4: “With the help of the LORD I have brought forth a man."?

2. Why did the Lord reject the offering of Cain and accept the offering of Abel?  

3. Cain was counseled by God to “do what is right” or he would become a servant to sin. What prevented him from listening to God? What did God mean when He said “do what is right”? Why was it wrong for Cain to become and stay so angry?

Day Two

1. Describe what might have been Cain’s frame of mind in the following series of events from Genesis Chapter 4.  Describe Cain’s frame of mind. What was Cain possibly thinking? What might his intentions have been at that point in time? Describe what might have been going through his mind at each stage of the first murder story in history.

  • When he made his offering to the Lord
  • When the Lord did not look upon his offering with favor
  • When the Lord counseled him
  • When he asked Abel to go out to the field with him
  • When the Lord asked him where his brother was
  • When the Lord punished him

2. What is the irony of Cain’s response to God’s punishment? How is God’s grace manifested towards Cain? 3. What does I John 3:12 teach us about Cain’s motives?

Day Three

Fill in the family tree of the male descendants of Adam and Eve from Genesis Chapter 4. 

Click Here to Download the Family Tree 

Day Four

1. From Genesis Chapter 4, verses 10-12, what were the 3 aspects of Cain’s punishment?

2. What did Cain add to his punishment in verse 14 that God did  not impose upon him (Cain acted on this self imposition in Genesis Chapter 4, verse 16)?

3. What do the following verses from Genesis Chapter 4 tell you about the character of Cain?

  • Verses 3 – 5
  • Verses 6 – 8
  • Verse 9
  • Verse 13
  • Verse 16
  • Verse 17

Day Five

1. Who do you think influenced Cain to become such a weak character and make such poor choices in his life?

2. Was it wrong for Lamech to marry two women? If so, why?

3. What is the meaning and purpose of Lamech’s poem or song?

Day Six

1. In considering Lamech’s poetry or song for his wives, what’s the difference between Lamech’s and Cain’s act or circumstance of killing?

2. Names have meanings and in the days of Adam and Eve we see that names given to people are significant and more relevant perhaps than today. For instance Adam names Eve “. . . because she would become the mother of all the living” (Genesis Chapter 3, verse 20).

Why do you think people today have such a passion and flair for coming up with different spellings of common names? Why is there such a focus on picking unusual names for children? What does your name mean? Do you name your children because of the meaning of the name or the way the name sounds?

3. Describe how Eve may have felt at the following stages in her life from Genesis Chapter 4.  What was Eve’s frame of mind – What was she possibly thinking? Describe what might have been going through her mind at each stage of the story of the first family in history.

  • When she gave birth to Cain and Abel
  • When Cain killed Abel and God banished Cain
  • When she gave birth to Seth

Click here if you wish to compare your answers.

› Chapter 4